We intend to be the platform that educates individuals on the subject of International Parental Child Abduction, and grow our circle of social advocates to stand in solidarity with left-behind parents.
We are the voice of those parents and families affected by such crimes.
We aim to engage all individuals and/or institutions in our mission steps, and open their eyes to cases that have been disregarded for so long.
We believe that by increasing the knowledge of diversified actors, hand-in-hand, our voices can be heard. We would be able to help in bringing an abducted child home and end the suffering of their family.
The road to returning a child to his rightful custodian is long and bumpy, but with the support of the community and local actors, we can bring HOPE to the hearts of affected families
We agree that not all endings are meant to be happy, but our duty is to fight injustice; to fight for a right that has been violated, and to ensure the safe return of a child home.
What is International Parental Child Abduction (IPCA)?
International Parental Child Abduction is the removal or retention of a child outside their country of habitual residence in breach of another parent or guardian’s custody rights. It’s based on the intention of one of the parents to forbid the other from any form of contact with their child due to marital disputes.
Often during divorce, children pay the ultimate price. A child deserves to grow up with both his/her parents.
In most cases, parents gain shared custody rights. In others, it is perceived as best interest of the child for one of the parents to gain sole custody; regardless of that, the other parent still has visitation rights.
From a legal perspective, regardless the scenario, all three parties have rights, and violating either one of them is a crime.
With the occurrence of the first Parental Child Abduction crime, there was basically no actual legal framework governing it. It was, more or less, an experimental era for this new phenomenon; and with that, new laws started emerging in an attempt to hinder the act of Parental Child Abduction. Although many were thought to be effective at the time, these laws were the contrary.
Parental kidnapping increased at an alarming rate, and enhancement of those laws were sought. National laws were issued, and international treaties between pertinent parties came to life.
The most effective treaty being applied to this day is the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction of October 1980.
The expansion of the HCCH accelerated throughout the 1980s and 1990s This was a reflection of the increased interest in HCCH Conventions from across the globe and was an important part of the Organization’s transformation into a global intergovernmental organization.
Click to see more on the history of the HCCH Conventions.
The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction of October 1980
A multilateral treaty, which seeks to protect children from the harmful effects of wrongful removal and retention across international boundaries by providing a procedure to bring about their prompt return and ensuring the protection of rights of access.
Click to see more on HCCH information and implementation
Laws that govern Human Rights & IPCA
Despite the existence of an international legal framework to prevent such outcomes, many cases of parental abduction are still ongoing in national courts around the world.
iHOPE’s Legal & Strategic Research Office has conducted assessments and proposed several adequate solutions in regards to this issue.
Click here to view iHOPE’s Legal Researches
List of laws
Parental Kidnapping Prevention Act, 1980.
International Child Abduction Remedies Act (ICARA), 1988.
International Parental Kidnapping Crime Act, 1993.
Prevention of Child Abduction Partnership Act, 2004.
Sean and David Goldman International Child Abduction Prevention and Return Act of 2014
Luxembourg Convention 1980
Brussels II bis Regulation
Hague Child Protection Convention 1996
EU Regulation 606/2013 on Protection Measures
Convention on the Rights of the Child
European Convention on Human Rights
EU Charter of Fundamental Rights